How to mitigate the unique risks of Tokenized assets

Particula’s Senior Vice President of Business Development, Axel Jester, says the growing complexity of tokenized assets demands robust risk management and continuous lifecycle monitoring.

The digital assets market is undergoing a significant transformation in 2024, with tokenization emerging as a powerful new force. This momentum is fueled by the market entrance of heavyweights like BlackRock, driving a surge in TVL (Total Value Locked) of these assets. This increase signals growing investor demand, confidence and interest, marking a new phase of adoption following the widespread acceptance of stablecoins in recent years.

Illustration 1: Industry Adoption Curve

Industry adoption
Despite this positive trend, the tokenized assets market faces substantial challenges. Traditional financial investors (TradFi) remain cautious about product structuring and encounter liquidity issues in secondary markets. The complexity of trading and monitoring these digital assets post-issuance, along with the implementation of robust risk management processes, deters potential investors. To gain broader acceptance, tokenized assets must establish a robust infrastructure and provide a transparent product lifecycle.

Illustration 2: Key Stages in Creating High-Quality Tokenized Products

As the market supply advances along the adoption curve, it becomes increasingly clear that the lack of data availability, data analytics and data quality significantly complicates the implementation of structured due diligence and monitoring processes for investors. This leads to different risk exposures throughout the lifecycle of tokenized assets. These risks are evident in the creation of new assets, modifications to asset characteristics, the contractual terms of issuance, trading, custody and the valuation of underlying assets. Investors must familiarize themselves with the potential risks along the value chain and the intermediaries involved. By understanding the unique product structuring inherent in the origination, manufacturing, and distribution processes, as well as their implications for operational infrastructure, valuation mechanisms, regulatory frameworks, fiscal compliance, and execution, investors can mitigate risks and increase the trust of their respective share- and stakeholders to allocate liquidity into high-quality offerings.

Effective risk management involves continuous evaluation of technical infrastructure, compliance with evolving regulations and stringent security measures for smart contracts. Ensuring clear property rights, secure custody of private keys, and accurate valuation through high-quality oracle services are also essential. Integrating red-flag detection systems that leverage both on-chain and off-chain data, along with constant price discovery mechanisms, further enhances the integrity and trust. In addition, constantly monitoring data flows and changes in information at all three levels – issuer, token and underlying asset – ensures thorough risk assessment and informed decision-making.

The tokenized assets market is advancing rapidly, attracting increased interest from traditional financial investors due to innovative value propositions with new products and customer segments. But, significant challenges remain.

Due to its complexity, investors need to implement additional risk management processes, while specialized data providers and rating agencies are crucial for providing independent assessments. Through diligent oversight, monitoring and continuous evaluation, these stakeholders can ensure the market develops securely, transparently, and in an investor-friendly manner, ultimately leading to broader adoption and integration into the global financial system.






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